India has one of the largest remittance markets in the world with a total value of close to $70 billion. On every transaction, an average user pays up to 15% in bank charges and conversion fees.
Bitcoin provides a solution to India’s underlying problems. The digital currency can be used to move money inexpensively across borders within a matter of minutes without ever having a bank account. Itâ€™s important to note that lately bitcoin adoption is taking over its network capacity, leading to delay in transactions and very high fees.
How does it work?
Every transaction on the bitcoin network is recorded on a public ledger calledÂ blockchain. Each blockchain has three parts;Â its identifying addressÂ (of approximately 34 characters), the history of who has bought and sold it (the ledger) and theÂ private key header logÂ – where a sophisticated digital signature is captured to confirm every transaction for that particular Bitcoin file.
All the trades that happen on the bitcoin network are publicly disclosed, with each participant’s digital signature attached to the Bitcoin blockchain as a confirmation. These trades can be found atÂ blockchain.info.
What this means is that bitcoin transactions are not completely anonymous. People can see history of your bitcoin wallet, which is great for transparency and security. It also helps deter people from using bitcoins for illegal purposes.
With each new ledger update, some new bitcoins are minted. The number of bitcoins created in each update are halved every 4 years. This will go on till 2140 when this number will round down to zero. At that time, no more bitcoins will be added into circulation and the total number of bitcoins will have reached a maximum of 21 million.
The Indian government is in the midst of deciding whether or not to regulate bitcoin. In the past, there have been multiple warning from the government and central bank asking people to stay cautious of virtual currencies, emphasizing they are not regulated by the RBI (Reserve Bank of India).
With the explosive growth that bitcoin has seen since the beginning of 2017, government seems to be reconsidering their stance on bitcoin.
If bitcoin manages to scale, keeping its core principles intact, there is nothing that can stop it from prospering in the country.
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